Annual report pursuant to Section 13 and 15(d)


12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2019


Principles of Consolidation and Accounting. The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Full House and its wholly-owned subsidiaries. All intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated.

Except when otherwise required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) and disclosed herein, the Company measures all of its assets and liabilities on the historical cost basis of accounting.

Use of Estimates. The consolidated financial statements have been prepared in conformity with GAAP. These principles require the Company’s management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

Liquidity and Going Concern. The consolidated financial statements have been prepared on the going concern basis of accounting, assuming the realization of assets and the satisfaction of liabilities and commitments in the normal course of business. The Company’s casinos are its primary sources of income and operating cash flows and they are relied upon to remain in compliance with debt covenants and meet the Company’s obligations when due.  As described in Note 6, the Senior Secured Notes agreement requires the Company to maintain a total leverage ratio covenant, which measures Consolidated EBITDA (as defined in the indenture) against outstanding debt.  As detailed in in Note 14, in March 2020, the Company temporarily suspended operations at its casinos and hotels pursuant to orders from governmental authorities as a precautionary measure against the ongoing spread of COVID-19, a highly contagious coronavirus that was declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization. As the COVID-19 situation is dynamic, the Company does not currently know with certainty when it will be permitted to reopen its casinos and hotels.  Management believes it has sufficient resources to fund its currently-reduced operations, consisting principally of preservation of assets and a core staff necessary to plan for reopening, for several months.  However, management does not control and is not qualified to predict the length of the closure of its casinos and hotels due to the pandemic.  It is also possible that some of the Company’s operations may be allowed to open sooner than others, depending on the regional impact of the pandemic. 

As described in Note 2 to this Form 10-K for the period ended December 31, 2019, a significant period of closure or significant declines in business volumes upon reopening would negatively impact our ability to remain in compliance with our debt covenants.  In the event that the Company would fail to meet its debt covenants in the next twelve months, the Company would either seek covenant waivers or attempt to amend its covenants, though there is no certainty that the Company would be successful in such efforts.  Additionally, the Company could seek additional liquidity through the issuance of new debt or equity, or through the sale of certain assets.  Successful completion of such items, if needed, would be dependent in part on factors outside of the Company’s control.  ASC 205-40, Going Concern, calls for management to evaluate whether there are conditions and events, considered in the aggregate, that raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern within twelve months after the date that the financial statements are issued.  Because of the length of this look-forward period and the substantial items that are outside of its control, and despite its intent and best efforts to overcome the challenges in the current environment, management concluded that there is substantial doubt as to the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern.  The Company is attempting to mitigate the impacts of the coronavirus on the Company through the plans described above.

Fair Value and the Fair Value Input Hierarchy. Fair value measurements affect the Company’s accounting for net assets acquired in acquisition transactions and certain financial assets and liabilities, such as its common stock warrant liability and interest rate cap. Fair value measurements are also used in its periodic assessments of long-lived tangible and intangible assets for possible impairment, including for property and equipment, goodwill, and other intangible assets. Fair value is defined as the expected price that would be received to sell an asset, or paid to transfer a liability, in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date.

GAAP categorizes the inputs used for fair value into a three-level hierarchy:


Level 1: Observable inputs, such as quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities;


Level 2: Comparable inputs, other than quoted prices, that are observable for similar assets or liabilities in less active markets; and


Level 3: Unobservable inputs, which may include metrics that market participants would use to estimate values, such as revenue and earnings multiples and relative rates of return.

The Company utilizes Level 2 inputs when measuring the fair value of its interest rate cap. In order to estimate the fair value of this derivative instrument, the Company obtains valuation reports from the third-party broker that issued the interest rate cap. The report contemplates fair value by using inputs including market-observable data such as interest rate curves, volatilities, and information derived from or corroborated by that market-observable data (see Notes 6 and 12).

The Company utilizes Level 3 inputs when measuring the fair value of net assets acquired in business combination transactions, subsequent assessments for impairment, and most financial instruments, including but not limited to the estimated fair value of common stock warrants at issuance and for recurring changes in the related warrant liability (see Notes 6 and 12).

Cash Equivalents and Restricted Cash.  Cash equivalents include cash involved in operations and cash in excess of daily requirements that is invested in highly liquid, short-term investments with initial maturities of three months or less when purchased.

Restricted cash balances are funds received from certain sports wagering agreements that have not commenced and are contractually required to be separated from the Company’s operating cash. Upon receipt of authorization from gaming authorities in Colorado, these restricted cash balances will no longer have restrictions, and accordingly will be reclassified on the balance sheet as cash and equivalents.

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash consisted of the following:









(In Thousands)



December 31, 







Cash and equivalents








Restricted cash

















Accounts Receivable. Accounts receivable consist primarily of casino, hotel and other receivables, are typically non-interest bearing, and are carried net of an appropriate collection allowance to approximate fair value. Allowances for doubtful accounts are estimated based on specific review of customer accounts including the customers’ willingness and ability to pay and nature of collateral, if any, as well as historical collection experience and current economic and business conditions. Accounts are written off when management deems the account to be uncollectible and recoveries of accounts previously written off are recorded when received.

Inventories. Inventories consist primarily of food, beverage and retail items, and are stated at the lower of cost or net realizable value. Costs are determined using the first-in, first-out and the weighted average methods.

Property and Equipment. Property and equipment are stated at cost and are capitalized and depreciated, while normal repairs and maintenance are expensed in the period incurred. A significant amount of the Company’s property and equipment was acquired through business combinations, and therefore, are recognized at fair value measured at the acquisition date. Gains or losses on dispositions of property and equipment are included in operating expenses, effectively as adjustments to depreciation estimates.

Certain events or changes in circumstances may indicate that the recoverability of the carrying amount of property, plant and equipment should be assessed, including, among others, a significant decrease in market value, a significant change in the business climate in a particular market, or a current period operating or cash flow loss combined with historical losses or projected future losses. When such events or changes in circumstances are present, the Company estimates the future cash flows expected to result from the use of the asset (or asset group) and its eventual disposition. These estimated future cash flows are consistent with those we use in our internal planning. If the sum of the expected future cash flows (undiscounted and without interest charges) is less than the carrying amount, then the Company would recognize an impairment loss.

Depreciation and amortization are computed using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets or the term of the lease, whichever is appropriate under the circumstances. The Company determines the estimated useful lives based on our experience with similar assets, estimated usage of the asset, and industry practice. Whenever events or circumstances occur, which change the estimated useful life of an asset, the Company accounts for the change prospectively. Depreciation and amortization is provided over the following estimated useful lives:







Class of Assets


Useful Lives

Land improvements


15 to 18 years

Buildings and improvements


3 to 44 years

Furniture, fixtures and equipment


2 to 10 years


Leases. The Company determines if a contract is, or contains, a lease at inception or modification of the agreement. A contract is, or contains, a lease if there are identified assets and the right to control the use of an identified asset is conveyed for a period of time in exchange for consideration. Control over the use of the identified asset means that the lessee has both the right to obtain substantially all of the economic benefits from the use of the asset and the right to direct the use of the asset.

For leases with terms greater than a year, the Company records right-of-use (“ROU”) assets and lease liabilities on the balance sheet, as measured on a discounted basis. For finance leases, the Company recognizes interest expense associated with the lease liability and depreciation expense associated with the ROU asset; for operating leases, the Company recognizes straight-line rent expense.

The Company will not recognize ROU assets or lease liabilities for leases with a term of 12 months or less. However, costs related to short-term leases with terms greater than one month, which the Company deems material, will be disclosed as a component of lease expenses when applicable. Additionally, the Company accounts for new and existing leases containing both lease and non-lease components (“embedded leases”) together as a single lease component by asset class for gaming-related equipment; as a result, the Company will not allocate contract consideration to the separate lease and non-lease components based on their relative standalone prices.

Finance and operating lease ROU assets and liabilities are recognized based on the present value of future minimum lease payments over the expected lease term at commencement. As the implicit rate is not determinable in most of the Company’s leases, management uses the Company’s incremental borrowing rate as estimated by third-party valuation specialists in determining the present value of future payments. The expected lease terms include options to extend or terminate the lease when it is reasonably certain that the Company will exercise such options. Lease expense for minimum lease payments is recognized on a straight-line basis over the expected lease term.

Goodwill and Indefinite-lived Intangible Assets. Goodwill represents the excess of the purchase price of Bronco Billy’s Casino and Hotel, Silver Slipper Casino and Hotel, Rising Star Casino Resort and Stockman’s Casino over the estimated fair value of their net tangible and other intangible assets on the acquisition date, net of subsequent impairment charges. The Company’s other indefinite-lived intangible assets primarily include certain license rights to conduct gaming in certain jurisdictions and trade names. Goodwill and other indefinite-lived intangible assets are not amortized, but are periodically tested for impairment. The impairment loss recognized is the amount by which the carrying amount exceeds the fair value.

The evaluation of goodwill and other indefinite-lived intangible assets requires the use of estimates about future operating results, valuation multiples and discount rates to determine the estimated fair value. Changes in the assumptions can materially affect these estimates. Thus, to the extent that gaming volumes deteriorate in the near future, discount rates increase significantly, or reporting units do not meet projected performance, the Company could have impairments to record in the future and such impairments could be material.

These tests for impairment are performed annually during the fourth quarter or when a triggering event occurs.

Finite-lived Intangible Assets. The Company’s finite-lived intangible assets includes customer loyalty programs, land lease acquisition costs and water rights. Finite-lived intangible assets are amortized over the shorter of their contractual or economic lives. The Company periodically evaluates the remaining useful lives of these intangible assets to determine whether events and circumstances warrant a revision to the remaining period of amortization and the possible need for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that their carrying amounts may not be recoverable. If the sum of the expected future cash flows (undiscounted and without interest charges) is less than the carrying amount, then the Company would recognize an impairment loss.

Debt Issuance Costs and Debt Discounts. Debt issuance costs and debt discounts incurred in connection with the issuance of debt have been included as a component of the carrying amount of debt, and are amortized over the contractual term of the debt to interest expense, using the effective interest method. When its existing debt agreements are determined to have been modified, the Company amortizes such costs to interest expense using the effective interest method over the terms of the modified debt agreement.

Revenue Recognition of Accrued Club Points and Deferred Revenues:

Accrued Club Points: Operating Revenues and Related Costs and Expenses.    The Company’s revenues consist primarily of casino gaming, food and beverage, hotel, and other revenues (such as entertainment). The majority of its revenues are derived from casino gaming, principally slot machines.

Gaming revenue is the difference between gaming wins and losses, not the total amount wagered. The Company accounts for its gaming transactions on a portfolio basis, as such wagers have similar characteristics and it would not be practical to view each wager on an individual basis.

The Company sometimes provides discretionary complimentary goods and services (“discretionary comps”). For these types of transactions, the Company allocates revenue to the department providing the complimentary goods or services based upon its estimated standalone selling price, offset by a reduction in casino revenues.

Many of the Company’s customers choose to earn points under its customer loyalty programs. As points are accrued, the Company defers a portion of its gaming revenue based on the estimated standalone value of loyalty points being earned by the customer. The standalone value of loyalty points is derived from the retail value of food, beverages, hotel rooms, and other goods or services for which such points may be redeemed. A liability related to these customer loyalty points is recorded, net of estimated breakage and other factors, until the customer redeems these points, primarily for “free casino play/cash back,” complimentary dining, or hotel stays. Upon redemption, the related revenue is recognized at retail value within the department providing the goods or services.

Deferred Revenues: Market Access Fees from Sports Wagering Agreements. These liabilities were created in the third quarter of 2019 when the Company entered into several agreements with various unaffiliated companies allowing for online sports wagering within Indiana and Colorado, as well as on-site sports wagering at Rising Star Casino Resort and at Bronco Billy’s Casino and Hotel (the “Sports Agreements”). As part of these longer-term Sports Agreements, the Company received one-time market access fees totaling $6 million in cash, which were recorded as a long-term liability in the same amount and will be recognized as revenue ratably over the initial term length of 10 years, beginning with the commencement of operations. The current and noncurrent portions of the deferred revenues balance totaling $5.99 million for December 31, 2019 is included with “other accrued expenses” and “other” on the consolidated balance sheets, respectively. Of the Company’s Sports Agreements, on-site sports wagering commenced in Indiana in the fourth quarter of 2019, as did one of the Company’s three contracted mobile sports operators in Indiana. The other two contracted parties in Indiana are expected to begin operations in mid-2020. In Colorado, gaming regulators are currently drafting the rules that will govern sports wagering in the state. The Company believes that sports wagering could also begin at its Bronco Billy’s Casino and Hotel – as well as throughout the state via mobile sports wagering – in mid-2020.

Advertising Costs. Costs for advertising are expensed as incurred, or the first time the advertising takes place, and are included in selling, general and administrative expenses. Total advertising costs were $4.2 million and $3.8 million for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

Customer Loyalty Programs. We have separate customer loyalty programs at each of our properties – the Silver Slipper Casino Players Club, Bronco Billy’s Mile High Rewards Club, Rising Star Rewards Club™, Grand Lodge Players Advantage Club® and Stockman’s Winner’s Club. Under these programs, customers earn points based on their volume of wagering that may be redeemed for various benefits, such as free play, cash back, complimentary dining, or hotel stays, among others, depending on each property’s specific offers. Unredeemed points are forfeited if the customer becomes and remains inactive for a specified period of time. Liabilities based on the standalone retail value of such benefits totaling $1.4 million each for December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively, and these amounts are included in “other accrued expenses” on the consolidated balance sheets.

Project Development and Acquisition Costs. Project development and acquisition costs consist of amounts expended on the pursuit of new business opportunities and acquisitions, which are expensed as incurred. During 2019, these costs were associated with our pursuit to develop and operate American Place, a casino and entertainment destination in Waukegan, Illinois. During 2018, these costs were associated primarily with our pursuit of a racetrack casino in New Mexico, the potential relocation of gaming positions to Terre Haute, Indiana, and acquisition opportunities.

Stock-based Compensation. Stock-based compensation costs are measured at the grant date, based on the estimated fair value of the award using the Black-Scholes option pricing model for stock options, and based on the closing share price of the Company’s stock on the grant date for other stock-based awards. The cost is recognized as an expense on a straight-line basis over the employee’s requisite service period (the vesting period of the award) net of forfeitures, which are recognized as they occur.

Legal Defense Costs. We do not accrue for estimated future legal and related defense costs, if any, to be incurred in connection with outstanding or threatened litigation and other disputed matters. Instead, we record such costs as period costs when the related services are rendered.

Income Taxes. We classify deferred tax liabilities and assets, along with any related valuation allowance, as non-current in a classified statement of financial position. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that included the enactment date. Valuation allowances are provided against deferred tax assets when it is deemed more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax asset will not be realized within a reasonable time period.

Our income tax returns are subject to examination by the Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”) and other tax authorities. Positions taken in tax returns are sometimes subject to uncertainty in the tax laws and may not ultimately be accepted by the IRS or other tax authorities. We assess our tax positions using a two-step process. A tax position is recognized if it meets a “more likely than not” threshold, and is measured at the largest amount of benefit that is greater than 50 percent likely of being realized. Additionally, we recognize accrued interest and penalties, if any, related to unrecognized tax benefits in income tax expense.

Earnings (loss) per share. Earnings (loss) per share is computed by dividing net income (loss) applicable to common stock by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per share reflects the additional dilution for all potentially-dilutive securities, including stock options and warrants, using the treasury stock method.







(In Thousands)

Year Ended December 31, 











Net loss - basic






Adjustment for assumed conversion of warrants






Net loss - diluted


















Weighted-average common and common share equivalents - basic






Potential dilution from assumed conversion of warrants






Weighted-average common and common share equivalents - diluted






Anti-dilutive share-based awards and warrants excluded from the calculation of diluted loss per share







Reclassifications. Certain reclassifications have been made to 2018 amounts to conform to the current-period presentation. Such reclassifications had no effect on the previously reported results of operations or financial position.

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements:

Pronouncement Implemented in 2019. In February 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (the “FASB”) issued ASC 842, which replaces the existing guidance for leases and requires expanded disclosures about leasing activities. ASC 842 requires a dual approach for lessee accounting under which a lessee would classify and account for leases as either finance leases or operating leases, both of which result in the lessee recognizing a right-of-use (“ROU”) asset and a corresponding lease liability on the balance sheet, as measured on a discounted basis for leases with terms greater than a year. For finance leases, the lessee will recognize interest expense associated with the lease liability and depreciation expense associated with the ROU asset; for operating leases, the lessee will recognize straight-line rent expense. For publicly-traded companies, ASC 842 is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2018.

Under the previous guidance for leases through December 31, 2018, rental payments for certain property and equipment used in the Company’s operations under long-term operating leases were recognized as rent expense with scheduled rent increases recognized on a straight-line basis over the initial lease term, without recording a lease asset and obligation. Rental payments for other property and equipment held under capital leases were recognized as a reduction of a finance lease obligation and interest expense. The fixed assets acquired pursuant to finance leases were included in property and equipment and amortized over the term of the lease.

Under the modified retrospective transition method, the Company elected to use the effective date approach with the period of adoption on January 1, 2019 as the date of initial application, and therefore, has elected to not recast comparative period financial information. In addition, the Company has elected the package of practical expedients permitted under the transition guidance to allow it to carry forward historical lease classifications, which includes not needing to reassess: (1) whether any expired or existing contracts are or contain leases, (2) the lease classification for any expired or existing leases, and (3) measurement of initial direct costs for any existing leases. The Company has also elected the practical expedient for short-term lease measurement and recognition, under which the Company will not recognize ROU assets or lease liabilities for leases with a term of 12 months or less. However, costs related to short-term leases with terms greater than one month, which the Company deems material, will be disclosed as a component of lease expenses when applicable. Additionally, the Company has elected the practical expedient to account for new and existing leases containing both lease and non-lease components (“embedded leases”) together as a single lease component by asset class for gaming-related equipment; as a result, the Company will not allocate contract consideration to the separate lease and non-lease components based on their relative standalone prices.

Pronouncements Not Yet Adopted. Management believes that there are no other recently issued accounting standards not yet effective that are likely to have a material impact on our financial statements.